Cystatin C

ORDER CODE: CYSTC

ORDERING

SPECIMEN

PROCESSING

RESULTS

Test Code

SHC TEST CODE LPCH TEST CODE
LABCYSTC LABCYSTC

Specialty

General Chemistry

Useful For

Monitor for kidney function

Clinical Utility

Chronic kidney disease is a worldwide health problem that carries a substantial risk for cardiovascular morbidity and death. Current guidelines define chronic kidney disease as kidney damage or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 for 3 months or more, regardless of cause. GFR is the most frequently used criteria in the assessment of renal function. Serum creatinine is the most commonly used marker for estimation of GFR. However, it has become evident that the creatinine concentration is far from ideal because it is significantly changed by other factors such as muscle mass, diet, gender, age and tubular secretion. Cystatin C is produced by all nucleated cells at a constant rate and the production rate in humans is remarkably constant over the entire lifetime. Elimination from the circulation is almost entirely via glomerular filtration. For this reason the serum concentration of cystatin C is independent from muscle mass and gender. There is a small dependency of cystatin C concentration from age in the age range 1 to 50 years whereas the cystatin C concentration of healthy individuals > 50 years increases with age. Therefore, cystatin C in plasma and serum has been proposed as a more sensitive marker for GFR in children and adults, and several studies, as well as one meta analysis, have suggested that cystatin C is superior to serum creatinine for estimation of GFR. Patient groups which benefit most are those with mild to moderate kidney disease and also those in acute renal failure, where toxic drugs have to be administered which are excreted by glomerular filtration, especially elder people (> 50 years), children, pregnant women with suspicion of pre-eclampsia, diabetics, people with diseases of skeletal muscle and renal transplant recipients.

CPT Code

82610

LOINC Code

CSTCE
Collection Instructions

Collect blood following standard venipuncture collection procedures.

Preferred Specimen Type
Plasma or serum
Container Type
Mint top or Gold top
Container Image 1 Container Image 2

Volume

REQUESTED VOLUME MINIMUM VOLUME(PEDIATRIC)
1 mL 0.6 mL

Specimen Stability

Causes for Rejection

Rejected if not collected in Mint top tube or Gold top tube

Department

Chemistry

Standard Run Time(s)

24/7

Turnaround Time

ROUTINE STAT
4 hours 1 hour

Methodology

Particle enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay

Interpretation

Cystatin C can be used for the diagnosis of impaired renal function. The reciprocal of the serum /plasma cystatin C concentration has been shown to have a better correlation to GFR than serum creatinine.

Test Code

SHC TEST CODE LPCH TEST CODE
LABCYSTC LABCYSTC

Specialty

General Chemistry

Useful For

Monitor for kidney function

Clinical Utility

Chronic kidney disease is a worldwide health problem that carries a substantial risk for cardiovascular morbidity and death. Current guidelines define chronic kidney disease as kidney damage or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 for 3 months or more, regardless of cause. GFR is the most frequently used criteria in the assessment of renal function. Serum creatinine is the most commonly used marker for estimation of GFR. However, it has become evident that the creatinine concentration is far from ideal because it is significantly changed by other factors such as muscle mass, diet, gender, age and tubular secretion. Cystatin C is produced by all nucleated cells at a constant rate and the production rate in humans is remarkably constant over the entire lifetime. Elimination from the circulation is almost entirely via glomerular filtration. For this reason the serum concentration of cystatin C is independent from muscle mass and gender. There is a small dependency of cystatin C concentration from age in the age range 1 to 50 years whereas the cystatin C concentration of healthy individuals > 50 years increases with age. Therefore, cystatin C in plasma and serum has been proposed as a more sensitive marker for GFR in children and adults, and several studies, as well as one meta analysis, have suggested that cystatin C is superior to serum creatinine for estimation of GFR. Patient groups which benefit most are those with mild to moderate kidney disease and also those in acute renal failure, where toxic drugs have to be administered which are excreted by glomerular filtration, especially elder people (> 50 years), children, pregnant women with suspicion of pre-eclampsia, diabetics, people with diseases of skeletal muscle and renal transplant recipients.

CPT Code

82610

LOINC Code

CSTCE

close ORDERING
Collection Instructions

Collect blood following standard venipuncture collection procedures.

Preferred Specimen Type
Plasma or serum
Container Type
Mint top or Gold top
Container Image 1 Container Image 2

Volume

REQUESTED VOLUME MINIMUM VOLUME(PEDIATRIC)
1 mL 0.6 mL

Specimen Stability

Causes for Rejection

Rejected if not collected in Mint top tube or Gold top tube


close SPECIMEN

Department

Chemistry

Standard Run Time(s)

24/7

Turnaround Time

ROUTINE STAT
4 hours 1 hour

close PROCESSING

Methodology

Particle enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay

Interpretation

Cystatin C can be used for the diagnosis of impaired renal function. The reciprocal of the serum /plasma cystatin C concentration has been shown to have a better correlation to GFR than serum creatinine.


close RESULTS